Color is one of the common material that we can easily find our everyday lives, such as in school, during activity time, at home, and more. Especially for younger age of learner, color is often used, material that is friendly and easily to access to it.
According to the research, color strongly impacts on our cognitive and brain development (within color, it increases the level of brain wave activity) (Engelbrecht, 2003). The mind set of human beings are consistently attempts to organize visual information.
Especially in early years, children’s ability to identify colors is considered a marker and milestone in a child’s cognitive process and is often part of early screening for development and educational admittance. Recognizing the colors and identifying the names of color is an important part of a child’s development. Early identification of colors helps to create the cognitive connection between visual clues and words (Munsell, 2014).
Therefore, when color transferred through the human eyes, the brain releases the hormone, hypothalamus, which it affects our moods, mental clarity and energy level (Engelbrecht, 2003). The benefits of using colors during class sessions or implement activities, it positively impacts on the students’ level of attention, behaviour, and achievement (Church, 2017).
On the other hand, too much color, motion or pattern causes distractions and makes visual search more difficult. A stressful learning environment will outcome from extreme use of color. Therefore, using right quantity of color should considered in during learning environment or at school setting (Gaines, Curry, 2011).